Given the wide diversity of cultures that make up South Africa’s population, it is hardly surprising that our differences are reflected in the design of our nation’s buildings. Some local architecture owes its roots to the structures favoured by indigenous peoples and migrants from north of our borders. However, the preferences of successive European colonists and Asian settlers have been responsible for most of the diverse styles that have since become a recognised feature of our rainbow nation.
Although the Netherlands was not the first country to lay claim to our shores, it was the first to stamp its indelible mark on the design of South Arica’s dwellings. From those early days in the Winelands of the Cape of Good Hope, Cape Dutch architecture has spread. These iconic structures, with their ornate gables and thatched roofs, are now a feature of many other wine-growing countries, including Australia and New Zealand. However, the most famous example of this style has to be the manor house in Groot Constantia, now providing service as a wine museum.
The next to influence local design trends was the British. One of that country’s most influential designers was Sir Herbert Baker. The most famous of his works was undoubtedly the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Its architecture was intended to symbolise unity between the English and Afrikaans languages through the seamless blending of the classic Edwardian and Cape Dutch styles. Many works of Portuguese settlers and the Indian diaspora are still to be seen in several of the country’s towns and cities.
However, the nation’s needs have been changing steadily since these buildings were first unveiled. Accommodating those changes calls for a new approach to building design. Despite their beauty, the decorative structures of the past can no longer meet the requirements of modern living. Today, the main challenges facing modern architecture are how to make buildings more energy-efficient and how to reduce the impact of construction on the environment. Local designers have been combining new technologies with recycled and green building materials to achieve these ends.
Purely ornamental structures are no longer practical. Instead, the focus has shifted to functionality. Eliminating unnecessary walls offers a means to create multifunctional spaces in both homes and offices. In parallel, biophilic concepts focus on the health and well-being of occupants, using balconies, patios and large windows to merge indoor and outdoor living.
Finally, architecture in South Africa is undergoing a much-needed transformation, and JK Designs is a young and dynamic company dedicated to implementing those changes through innovative design. We invite you to look at some of our recently completed and current projects or contact us for more details about our unique project planning process.